Goal 1: No Poverty | The Agenda 2030 and Tourism
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    || The 2030 Agenda and Tourism > Goal 1: No Poverty

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere

    By Christina Kamp and Sumesh Mangalasseri with contributions from Adama Bah, Christine Plüss and Andy Rutherford

    We pledge that no one will be left behind. (United Nations General Assembly 2015, p. 1)

    To achieve sustainable development, alleviating poverty is the number one goal in the 2030 Agenda. Ensuring that “no one is left behind” has been defined as a fundamental guiding principle.

    Tourism for poverty alleviation has been discussed and promoted by various agencies, often with a focus on the so-called ‘trickle-down effect’ of tourism – the idea that the economic benefits of the industry would eventually also reach the poor (if not the poorest) sections of society. However, experiences from many destinations have shown that tourism may not just fail to deliver on the ‘trickle-down’ promise, but may often even increase poverty due to its inherent inequalities, rather than alleviating it. Across the tourism industry de-regulation and eroding of workers’ rights have contributed to joblessness and precarious work and social inequality. The lives and livelihoods of millions of women and men have become more not less precarious. Without meaningful participation and serious attempts to increase the capacities of the poor, poorest and marginalised, tourism is not an option for alleviating poverty.